Kuran

Wikipediýa, erkin ensiklopediýa
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Kuran (arap. القرآن‎‎ kurän — «okamak»). Kuran Allahyň Jebraýyl perişdä Jebraýyl perişde bolsa Muhammed pygamber bölek-bölek görnüşde, birde aýat görnüşde, birde bolsa sura görnüşde indiren (wahiý) "Mukaddes Kitabydyr". Kuran 30 bölege bölünip (juz), jemi 114 suradan ybaratdyr. Kurany Muhammed pygamberiň ﷺ sahabalary ýazyp alýarlar.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Patricia Crone, Maýkl Kuk we beýleki köp sanly gözlegçiler, tekst we arheologiki gözleglere esaslanyp, "Masjid al-Haram" Arap ýarym adasynyň demirgazyk-günbatarynda ýerleşýär diýip hasaplaýarlar. (kyssa medeniýetine esaslanýan nusgawy eserlerde beýan edilişi ýaly Mekgede däl)[7][8][9][10] Dan Gibson ilkinji yslam metjidiniň we gonamçylyk ugurlarynyň Petrany görkezendigini, Muhammet alaýhyssalamyň bu ýerde ilkinji ylhamlaryny alandygyny we yslamyň şu ýerde döredilendigini aýtdy.[11]

"Kuran" (Birmingham library, Centenary Square, Broad St, Great Britian) 52°28'47.1"N 1°54'30.4"W

"Gurhanyň sözlerine we düşündirişlerine esaslanýan" şerigat kanunlary häzirki zaman adam hukuklary, deňlik we aýry-aýry azatlyklar meselesinde kynçylyk çekýär.[12][13] [14][15][16][17][18] [19][20][21][22]

Petra; Yslam taryhy we arheologiýa boýunça gözlegçiniň Dan Gibson pikiriçe, bu Muhammet ýaşlygynda ýaşap, ilkinji aýanlaryny alan ýeri. Ilkinji musulman metjitleriniň we gonamçylyklarynyň görkezişi ýaly, bu musulmanlaryň ilkinji Kibla ugrydy.[23][24]
FirstSurahKoran.jpg
The Holy Quran.pdf
Kuran
Arapça ady القرآن
Terjimesi okamak
Wahiý ýyllary 610 - 632
Sura sany 114
Aýat sany
Söz sany
Inen ýerleri Mekke, Medine...

Şeýlede[düzet | çeşmäni düzet]

Bellik[düzet | çeşmäni düzet]

  1. Арабский Коран. Электронная книга в формате PDF (размер 14 мб)
  2. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Koran
  3. https://web.archive.org/web/20111227143714/http://www.nurislam.org/kuranin-yazilis-tarihi.html
  4. https://web.archive.org/web/20141018212604/http://www.sorularlaislamiyet.com/article/8422/mucizeler-kaynagi-kur-an-i-kerim-in-matematiksel-mucizesi.html
  5. http://qurango.com/
  6. http://tanzil.net/#trans/en.arberry/3:84
  7. https://bora.uib.no/bora-xmlui/bitstream/handle/1956/12367/144806851.pdf?sequence=4&isAllowed=y
  8. Meccan Trade And The Rise Of Islam, (Princeton, U.S.A: Princeton University Press, 1987
  9. https://repository.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=5006&context=edissertations
  10. https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/592002
  11. Dan Gibson: Qur'ānic geography: a survey and evaluation of the geographical references in the qurãn with suggested solutions for various problems and issues. Independent Scholars Press, Surrey (BC) 2011, ISBN 978-0-9733642-8-6
  12. http://www.etc-graz.eu/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/insan_haklar__305_n__305__anlamak_kitap_bask__305_ya_ISBNli_____kapakli.pdf
  13. https://www.gedik.edu.tr/wp-content/uploads/insan-haklari-ve-demokrasi-ders-notu.pdf
  14. https://web.archive.org/web/20150403134008/https://www.suleymaniyevakfi.org/kutsanan-gelenek-ve-kuran/kurana-ve-gelenege-gore-dinden-donmenin-cezasi.html
  15. Şablon:Web kaynağı
  16. Necati Yeniel, Hüseyin Kayapınar, Sünen-i Ebu Davud Terceme ve şerhi c. 2, s. 112
  17. Şablon:Web kaynağı
  18. https://dspace.ankara.edu.tr/xmlui/bitstream/handle/20.500.12575/28046/1995.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
  19. https://sorularlaislamiyet.com/cariye-ne-demektir-ve-cariyeler-ile-cinsel-iliski-gunah-midir-0
  20. http://dergiler.ankara.edu.tr/dergiler/38/281/2556.pdf
  21. http://tez.sdu.edu.tr/Tezler/TS02507.pdf
  22. https://yeditepe.edu.tr/sites/default/files/hukuk_dergi/II-2.pdf
  23. Dan Gibson: Qur'ānic geography: a survey and evaluation of the geographical references in the qurãn with suggested solutions for various problems and issues. Independent Scholars Press, Surrey (BC) 2011, ISBN 978-0-9733642-8-6
  24. https://www.mdpi.com/2077-1444/11/3/102/htm

Salgylanmalar[düzet | çeşmäni düzet]

Kuran suralary (süreleri)
1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 9 - 10 - 11 - 12 - 13 - 14 - 15 - 16 - 17 - 18 - 19 - 20 - 21 - 22 - 23 - 24 - 25 - 26 - 27 - 28 - 29 - 30 - 31 - 32 - 33 - 34 - 35 - 36 - 37 - 38 - 39 - 40 - 41 - 42 - 43 - 44 - 45 - 46 - 47 - 48 - 49 - 50 - 51 - 52 - 53 - 54 - 55 - 56 - 57 - 58 - 59 - 60 - 61 - 62 - 63 - 64 - 65 - 66 - 67 - 68 - 69 - 70 - 71 - 72 - 73 - 74 - 75 - 76 - 77 - 78 - 79 - 80 - 81 - 82 - 83 - 84 - 85 - 86 - 87 - 88 - 89 - 90 - 91 - 92 - 93 - 94 - 95 - 96 - 97 - 98 - 99 - 100 - 101 - 102 - 103 - 104 - 105 - 106 - 107 - 108 - 109 - 110 - 111 - 112 - 113 - 114