B. R. Ambedkar

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B. R. Ambedkar

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (14-nji aprel 1891-nji ýylyň 6-njy dekabry), şeýle hem Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, hindi hukukçysy, ykdysatçy, syýasatçy we jemgyýetçilik reformaçysydy. Dalit Buddist hereketine ylham berdi we degilmeýänlere (Dalits) sosial diskriminasiýa garşy kampaniýa gurady. Şeýle hem, aýallaryň we zähmet haklaryny goldady. Ol garaşsyz Hindistanda ilkinji hukuk we adalat ministri, Hindistan konstitusiýasynyň binagäri we Hindistan Respublikasynyň esaslandyryjysydy.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

1956-njy ýylda 600,000 tarapdary bilen buddaçylyga geçip, Dalitleri köpçülikleýin kabul edip başlady. Hindistanda buddizmi janlandyrdy. Ambedkar, Nawaýana buddistleriniň arasynda bodhisattva we Maitreýa hasaplanýar.[7][8][9][10]

1990-njy ýylda Hindistanda iň ýokary raýat baýragy bolan Bharat Ratna aradan çykandan soň Ambedkara berildi. Ambedkaryň mirasy köp sanly ýadygärlikleri we meşhur medeniýetdäki şekilleri öz içine alýar. Ambedkaryň jemgyýetçilik-syýasy reformaçy hökmünde mirasy häzirki Hindistana uly täsir etdi.[11][12]

Ambedkar, Taryh TV18 we CNN IBN tarapyndan geçirilen pikir soralyşykda 2012-nji ýylda "Iň beýik hindi" (The greatest Indian) saýlandy.[13]

Ambedkar Jaýanti (Ambedkaryň doglan güni) her ýyl 14-nji aprelde bellenilýän festiwal bolup, ol diňe Hindistanda däl, eýsem bütin dünýäde bellenilýär. Ambedkar Jaýanti Hindistanda resmi dynç alyş hökmünde bellenilýär.[14][15][16] Birleşen Milletler Guramasy Ambedkar Jaýantini 2016, 2017 we 2018-nji ýyllarda belledi.[17][18][19]

salgylanmalar[düzet | çeşmäni düzet]

  1. Bhimrao Ambedkar
  2. Ambedkar Jayanti 2019: Facts on Babasaheb to share with kids | Parenting News,The Indian Express
  3. How India’s Most Downtrodden Embraced the Power of Statues
  4. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar | Biography, Books, & Facts | Britannica
  5. All You Need To Know About BR Ambedkar On His 129th Birth Anniversary
  6. Donald S. Lopez, Jr., Robert Jr; Lopez, Donald S. Jr., eds. (2013). Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. p. 34. ISBN 9780691157863.  More than one of |editor-last= and |editor= specified (help)
  7. https://theprint.in/opinion/why-ambedkar-chose-buddhism-over-hinduism-islam-christianity/237599/
  8. https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/buddha-purnima-special-why-ambedkar-coverted-to-buddhism-6397742/
  9. https://www.thequint.com/news/india/br-ambedkar-conversion-to-buddhism
  10. Christopher Queen (2015). Steven M. Emmanuel, ed. A Companion to Buddhist Philosophy. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 529–531. ISBN 978-1-119-14466-3. 
  11. Joshi, Barbara R. (1986). Untouchable!: Voices of the Dalit Liberation Movement. Zed Books. pp. 11–14. ISBN 9780862324605. Archived from the original on 29 July 2016.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |df= ignored (help)
  12. Keer, D. (1990). Dr. Ambedkar: Life and Mission. Popular Prakashan. p. 61. ISBN 9788171542376. Archived from the original on 30 July 2016.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |df= ignored (help)
  13. https://www.outlookindia.com/magazine/story/a-measure-of-the-man/281949
  14. http://ccis.nic.in/WriteReadData/CircularPortal/D2/D02est/12_6_2015_JCA-2-19032015.pdf Archived 5 aprel 2015 at the Wayback Machine Ambedkar Jayanti from ccis.nic.in on 19 March 2015
  15. http://persmin.gov.in/ Webpage of Ministry of Personnel and Public Grievance & Pension
  16. 125th Dr. Ambedkar Birthday Celebrations Around the World. mea.gov.in
  17. "Ambedkar Jayanti celebrated for the first time outside India as UN organises special event - Firstpost". firstpost.com. Retrieved 2018-11-09. 
  18. "UN celebrates Ambedkar's legacy 'fighting inequality, inspiring inclusion'". The New Indian Express. http://www.newindianexpress.com/world/2018/apr/14/un-celebrates-ambedkars-legacy-fighting-inequality-inspiring-inclusion-1801468.html.
  19. "संयुक्त राष्ट्र में मनाई गई डॉ. बाबासाहेब भीमराव आंबेडकर जयंती - News State" (en). newsstate.com. https://www.newsstate.com/world-news/babasaheb-ambedkar-jayanti-celebrated-in-united-nations-article-52584.html.