Karo-Kan goragy

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Karo-Kan goragy (iňlisçe: Caro–Kann Defence) şu göçümler arkaly synplandyrylýan küşt açylyşydyr: 


1. e4 c6

Karo-Kan goragy Şa açylyşyna garşy köp duş gelýän açylyşdyr we Sisiliýa goragy we Fransuz goragy ýaly ýarym-açyk oýun diýip synplandyrylandyr bu iki açylyşa garanda has berk we az hereketlidigine garamazdan. Bu açylyş adatça garalar üçin has gowy pyýada nyzamly zyýat oýunahyryna eltýär.

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Chess l44.png Chess d44.png Chess l44.png Chess d44.png Chess kdl44.png Chess d44.png Chess l44.png Chess rdd44.png
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Chess l44.png Chess d44.png Chess l44.png Chess qld44.png Chess l44.png Chess pld44.png Chess l44.png Chess d44.png
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Chess l44.png Chess d44.png Chess l44.png Chess d44.png Chess l44.png Chess d44.png Chess pll44.png Chess pld44.png
Chess rld44.png Chess nll44.png Chess rdd44.png Chess rll44.png Chess d44.png Chess l44.png Chess kld44.png Chess l44.png
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Final position after 17...Rc1

Taryhy[üýtget | edit source]

Bu açylyş, bu açylyşy derňän Iňlis küştçisi Horatio Karo (Iňlisçe: Horatio Caro) we Awstriýaly küştçi Markus Kan (Iňlisçe: Marcus Kann) tarapyndan 1886-njy ýyldan derňelmegi sebäpli bu iki küştçi şanyna atlandyrylandyr. Kan, bu açylyş bilen 1885-nji ýylyň Maý aýynda Hamburg şäherinde geçirilen 4-nji Nems Küşt kongresinde Nems-Iňlis küşt çempiony Jak Mieses-e (iňlisçe: Jacques Mieses) garşy 17 göçümlik täsirleýji ýeňiş gazandy.


1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.e5 Pf5 4.Pd3 Pxd3 5.Wxd3 e6 6.f4 c5 7.c3 Ac6 8.Af3 Wb6 9.0-0ANh6 10.b3 cxd4 11.cxd4 Af5 12.Pb2 Rc8 13.a3 Acxd4 14.Axd4 Pc5 15.Rd1 Axd4 16.Pxd4 Pxd4+ 17.Wxd4 Rc1 0–1

2.d4 d5 iň ýygy duş gelýän göçümler: 3.Nc3 (Nusgawy we Modern wariantlar), 3.Ad2 (Adatça Ac3 liniýasyna öwrülýär), 3.exd5 (Çalyşyk/Pida warianty), we 3.e5 (Öňegidişlik warianty).

3.Nc3 we 3.Nd2 adatça 3...dxe4 4.Axe4 göçümlerinden soňra biri-birine öwrülýärler. 1970-nji ýyllardan bäri 3.Ad2  warianty Gurgenidze wariantyndan gaça durmak maksatly (3.Nc3 g6) has giňden ulanylmaga başlady, şonda-da käbir küştçiler munuň ýüze çykmagyna rugsat berýärler.

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Chess rdl44.png Chess ndd44.png Chess l44.png Chess qdd44.png Chess kdl44.png Chess bdd44.png Chess ndl44.png Chess rdd44.png
Chess pdd44.png Chess pdl44.png Chess d44.png Chess l44.png Chess pdd44.png Chess pdl44.png Chess pdd44.png Chess pdl44.png
Chess l44.png Chess d44.png Chess pdl44.png Chess d44.png Chess l44.png Chess d44.png Chess l44.png Chess d44.png
Chess d44.png Chess l44.png Chess d44.png Chess l44.png Chess d44.png Chess bdl44.png Chess d44.png Chess l44.png
Chess l44.png Chess d44.png Chess l44.png Chess pld44.png Chess nll44.png Chess d44.png Chess l44.png Chess d44.png
Chess d44.png Chess l44.png Chess d44.png Chess l44.png Chess d44.png Chess l44.png Chess d44.png Chess l44.png
Chess pll44.png Chess pld44.png Chess pll44.png Chess d44.png Chess l44.png Chess pld44.png Chess pll44.png Chess pld44.png
Chess rld44.png Chess l44.png Chess bld44.png Chess qll44.png Chess kld44.png Chess bll44.png Chess nld44.png Chess rll44.png
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Classical Variation after 4...Bf5

Esasy liniýa: 2.d4 d5[üýtget | edit source]

3.Ac3 we 3.Ad2[üýtget | edit source]

Nusgawy wariant: 3...dxe4 4.Axe4 Pf5
[üýtget | edit source]

Karo-Kany we Nusgawy görnüşine garşy çemeleşmegiň iň ýygy duş gelýän ýoly (adatça Kapablanka warianty diýilýär José Ràul Capablanca sebäpli), şu göçümler bilen kesgitlenýär: 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Ac3 (ýa-da 3.Ad2) dxe4 4.Axe4 Pf5. Uzak wagt boýunça bu liniýa Karo-Kan-da her iki tarapdan iň gowy ýol hasaplandy. Aklar adatça şeýle dowam edýär: 5.Ag3 Pg6 6.h4 h6 7.Af3 Ad7 8.h5 Ph7 9.Pd3 Pxd3 10.Wxd3. Aklaryň h5-däki pyýadasy hüjüme taýyn görünýänem bolsa oýunahyrynda bir ejizlik bolmagy mümkin..


Karo-Kan-yň berk gorag hökmündäki abraýy bu wariantdan gelip çykýar. Garalar pyýada gurluşynda az zaýaçylyk çekýär we d4 öýjügine basynç etmek üçin tüýs wagtynda c6 - c5 oýnaýar. Garalaryň wezirtarap rakirowkaly wariantlary Karo - Kan-a berk emma içgysgynç abraý gazandyrdy. Soňky wagtlaryň hasam meşhur wariantlary bolsa garalaryň şa tarap rokirowkaly ýa-da şasyny merkezde tutmaga dowam edýän wariantlarydyr. Bu wariantlar ýiti we hereketli bolup bilýär.

Modern wariant: 3...dxe4 4.Axe4 Ad7
[üýtget | edit source]

Beýleki bir berk pozisýonal wariant şu göçümler arkaly kesgitlenilýän wariantdyr: 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Ac3 (or 3.Ad2) dxe4 4.Axe4 Ad7. Bir wagtlar Wilhelm Steinitz hatyrasyna atlandyrylan wariant häzirki günlerde bu wariant bilen birnäçe ýatda galyjy oýunlar oýnan 7-nji dünýä çempiony Wasily Smyslowyň adyna Smyslow warianty diýilýär, şol bir sanda 12-nji dünýä çempiony Karpowyň açylyş repertuarynda köp gabat gelýändigi sebäpli Karpow warianty hem diýilýär ýa-da hasam meşhur ady bolan Modern wariant diýibem bilinýär. 4.... Ad7-niň gysga wagtlyk maksady  The short-term goal of 4...Nd7 is to ease development by the early exchange of a pair of Knights without compromising the structural integrity of his position. Play is similar to the Classical Variation except that Black has more freedom by delaying the development of his bishop, and is not forced to play it to the g6 square. However, this freedom comes at a cost as White enjoys added freedom in taking up space in the center, and often plays the aggressive 5.Ng5!? where Black's development is brought into question as well as the positional weakness of the f7-square. The famous last game of the Deep Blue versus Garry Kasparov rematch where Kasparov committed a known blunder and lost was played in this very line.


References[üýtget | edit source]